World Bank Cuts Nigeria’s 2016 Growth Rate Down To 0.8% | Independent Newspapers Limited
Newsletter subscribe

Latest News

World Bank Cuts Nigeria’s 2016 Growth Rate Down To 0.8%

World Bank
Posted: Jun 8, 2016 at 12:24 pm   /   by   /   comments (0)

As the global commodity market remains troubled, the World Bank, on Wednesday slashed its forecast for global growth by 0.5 per cent from its January figure of 2.9 per cent, blaming “sluggish growth in advanced economies, stubbornly low commodity prices, weak global trade, and diminishing capital flows.”

The cut in Nigeria’s growth forecast was very steep, compared to the global figure, according to the latest update of its Global Economic Prospects report, which showed that the country’s economy will now grow by a slower 0.8 percent, than the 4.6 per cent estimate of January.

Significant growth is expected to resume next year at 3.5 percent, improving to 4.0 per cent in 2018.

Nigeria’s growth forecast is expected to be slower also than the 2.5 per cent projected for sub-Saharan Africa, which would rise further to 3.9 and 4.4 per cent in 2017 and 2018. South Africa is however is expected to performance worse than Nigeria as it is projected to only grow by 0.6 per cent this year, before rising 1.1 and then 2.0 per cent in 2017 and the following year.

Also, although the report expect Angola, another major oil producing nation like Nigeria to grow at 0.9 per cent this year, it would rise to 3.1 per cent next year and then 3.4 per cent by 2018.

According to the statement by the World Bank, commodity-exporting emerging market and developing economies have struggled to adapt to lower prices for oil and other key commodities, and this accounts for half of the downward revision. Growth in these economies is projected to advance at a meager 0.4 percent pace this year, a downward revision of 1.2 percentage points from the January outlook.

On Sub-Saharan Africa, the World Bank said at a time when commodity prices are expected to remain low, global activity is anticipated to be weak, and financial conditions are tightening.

Oil exporters, it said, are not likely to experience any significant pickup in consumption growth, while lower inflation in oil importers should support consumer spending. However, food price inflation due to drought, high unemployment, and the effect of currency depreciation could offset some of this advantage. Investment growth is expected to slow in many countries as governments and investors cut or delay capital expenditures in a context of fiscal consolidation.

“This sluggish growth underscores why it’s critically important for countries to pursue policies that will boost economic growth and improve the lives of those living in extreme poverty. Economic growth remains the most important driver of poverty reduction, and that’s why we’re very concerned that growth is slowing sharply in commodity-exporting developing countries due to depressed commodity prices,” the statement quoted World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim as saying.

Commodity-importing emerging markets and developing economies have been more resilient than exporters, although the benefits of lower prices for energy and other commodities have been slow to materialize. These economies are forecast to expand at a 5.8 percent rate in 2016, down modestly from the 5.9 percent pace estimated for 2015, as low energy prices and the modest recovery in advanced economies support economic activity.

Among major emerging market economies, China is forecast to grow at 6.7 percent in 2016 after 6.9 percent last year. India’s robust economic expansion is expected to hold steady at 7.6 percent, while Brazil and Russia are projected to remain in deeper recessions than forecast in January. South Africa is forecast to grow at a 0.6 percent rate in 2016, 0.8 of a percentage point more slowly than the January forecast.

A significant increase in private sector credit – fueled by an era of low interest rates and, more recently, rising financing needs — raise potential risks for several emerging market and developing economies, the report finds.

“As advanced economies struggle to gain traction, most economies in South and East Asia are growing solidly, as are commodity-importing emerging economies around the world,” said World Bank Chief Economist and Senior Vice President Kaushik Basu. “However, one development that bears caution is the rapid rise of private debt in several emerging and developing economies. In the wake of a borrowing boom, it is not uncommon to find non-performing bank loans, as a share of gross loans, to quadruple.”

In an environment of anemic growth, the global economy faces pronounced risks, including a further slowdown in major emerging markets, sharp changes in financial market sentiment, stagnation in advanced economies, a longer-than-expected period of low commodity prices, geopolitical risks in different parts of the world, and concerns about the effectiveness of monetary policy in spurring stronger growth. The report introduces a tool to quantify risks to the global outlook and finds that they are now more tilted to the downside than in January.

“Flagging growth prospects in emerging markets and developing economies would slow or even reverse their progress in catching up to income levels of advanced economies,” said Development Economic Prospects Group Director Ayhan Kose. “However, some commodity-importing emerging and developing economies have been able to register steady or accelerating growth over the last three years.”